Society’s attitude towards stillbirth

Society’s attitude towards stillbirth

Manana Abuladze, Natia Sharabidze, Sopio Lomashvili

Women’s Rehabilitation Association, Tbilisi, Georgia

Introduction
Stillbirth is one of the most evident health problems faced by the developing countries. It is connected not only to health but also social issues. The urgency and importance to conduct a sociological study on this topic was reinforced by our five-year experience in this field of research.
We have seen that in Georgia there is a stigma in the society concerning the topic of stillbirth. Mission: To assess the attitudes of the society towards the issue of stillbirth.

Research method
Research design involved creation of a questionnaire and distributing it to respondents living in the capital city of Tbilisi, Georgia. Several locations were chosen near metro stations, data was collected via iPad and the sample was randomized by choosing every 8 / 10 Submission 4-5th respondent on the street. On a daily basis the average number of respondents questioned was 30 and the study consisted of 502 respondents in total. Collected information was written down and analyzed.

Results
Sociological study showed how the community perceives the issue of stillbirth. 43.1% of the respondents believe that parents should not discuss their lost newborn, 17.9% believe that this is a course of nature, only 39% agrees to the idea that parents who suffered from stillbirth have to confront the topic and openly speak about it, lastly 17.9% has made no comment regarding this topic. 84.8% of the respondents believe that families who suffered from stillbirth have to continue trying having a healthy child.

Summary
Results of the study once again confirm the argument that majority of the society perceives the issue of stillbirth as a stigma and a topic which should not be discussed. The presence of stigma towards the topic, prolongs the recovery process which families undergo and further aggravates the issue.

Ethics statement:
An informed consent document IRB00002150 NCDC IRB#1 The study is anonymous and questionnaire is designed carefully, to avoid emotional impact. The topic of stillbirth is sensitive and during interview the only risk is individual emotional response.Based on the sociological study results will be possible to create bereavement care strategies after stillbirth. Data entered in the database are confidential.The level of risk of this research is minimal. During the interview the participant can terminate at any time without penalty.

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